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Gold refreshes all-time highs as US Dollar eases, US core PCE Inflation in focus

  • Gold price climbs above $2,220, exhibiting strength ahead of US core PCE Price Index data.
  • The US Dollar falls back after refreshing a six-week high despite Fed Waller’s hawkish rate guidance.
  • 10-year US bond yields rise as Fed rate cut bets for June have dropped.

Gold price (XAU/USD) rallies above $2,220 in Thursday’s early American session. The precious metal exhibits firm footing ahead of the United States core Personal Consumption Expenditure (PCE) Price Index data for February, which will be published on Friday. 

The Federal Reserve (Fed) could dial back rate cut expectations if the underlying inflation data suggests price pressures persist. Such a scenario would lead to an increase in yields on interest-bearing assets, such as Treasury bonds, whose appeal strengthens in a high-inflation environment. On the contrary, softer-than-expected inflation could boost expectations for a Fed rate cut in the June meeting, and support the broad narrative of three rate cuts for overall 2024. 

The Fed is expected to maintain a cautious approach to rate cuts as initiating them too soon or lowering them too much could reinforce price pressures again.  Meanwhile, a delay in cutting interest rates could result in unnecessary pressure on the labor market and the economy.

The US Dollar Index (DXY), which measures the US Dollar’s value against six major currencies, retreats after refreshing a six-week high at 104.72. The USD index fails to maintain strength despite the final estimate from the US Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) for the final quarter of 2023 showed that the economy grew by 3.4%. As per the preliminary estimates, the economy expanded by 3.2%.

Daily digest market movers: Gold price soars while US Dollar falls from fresh six-week high

  • Gold price jumps above $2,220 ahead of the US core PCE Price Index data for February. The Federal Reserve’s preferred inflation gauge is expected to have grown at a steady pace of 2.8% on year. The monthly underlying inflation data is forecasted to have increased by 0.3%, slowing from January’s 0.4% advance. Investors will keenly focus on the inflation data to gauge when the Fed may begin trimming interest rates.
  • Stubborn inflation data could allow the Fed to maintain a hawkish rhetoric. Fed policymakers have been reiterating that rate cuts are only appropriate when they are convinced that inflation will return sustainably to the 2% target. Sticky price pressures, in turn, would weaken the Gold’s appeal as it would increase the opportunity cost of investing in it. 
  • According to the CME FedWatch tool, traders are pricing in a 60% chance that a rate cut will be announced in June. The chances for Fed pivoting to rate cuts in June have dropped from 70% on Thursday after a slightly hawkish guidance from Fed Governor Christopher Waller.
  • Christopher Waller said in a speech at an Economic Club of New York on Wednesday that the Fed needs not to rush for rate cuts. However, he keeps hopes of rate cuts alive saying, “Further progress expected on lowering inflation will make it appropriate for the Fed to begin reducing the target range for the federal funds rate this year,” reported Reuters.

Technical Analysis: Gold trades above $2,220 

Gold price advances above the crucial resistance of $2,220. The precious metal aims to recapture the all-time highs slightly above $2,220. All short-to-long term Exponential Moving Averages (EMAs) are sloping higher, suggesting strong near-term demand.

The Gold price could face a hurdle near $2,250, which coincides with the 161.8% Fibonacci extension, after breaking above the resistance of $2,220. The Fibonacci tool is plotted from December 4 high at $2,144.48 to December 13 low at $1,973.13. On the downside, December 4 high at $2,144.48 will support the Gold price bulls.

The 14-period Relative Strength Index (RSI) rebounds after cooling down to 64.00 from the extremely overbought zone.


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